Sebina Muwanga

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About Sebina Muwanga

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  1. Thanks for the information. I am not American, but would liken to think the FAA works like other Aviation regulators around the world. Whereas they develop advisory circulars and guidelines, none of them makes laws or regulations. All aviation related laws (primary legislation) are the Legislature's responsibility. Regulations (subsidiary legislation) are made by the minister/secretary responsible for transport to provide for procedures under the laws. There must be a provision in the primary legislation that authorizes the minister/secretary to come up with regulations to cover specific areas under the Law. Regulators then enforce what is contained in both the primary and subsidiary legislation. Regulators work as independent entities within guidelines, TORS established by legislation. Most of the time, Regulators being the ministry's/transport department's technical arm play a vital role in developing these regulations, many of which are "domesticated" ICAO annexes. They also advise on proposed regulations. This does not mean they make them because this is a function the Legislature delegated to the transport minister/secretary. S.M
  2. Sorry about the word document. Sharing to promote human factors awareness so that regulators, manufacturers, training institutions and operators understand human capabilities and limitations to ensure safety and efficiency. No point in designing devices and systems first then fitting in the human at a later stage.
  3. The case for Human Factors knowledge in Civilian Drone Operations..docx
  4. Great stuff, thanks for sharing. Sebina Muwanga
  5. Both fixed wing and helicopters. Helicopters should not be flying that low during cruise. It may be different during special operations like aerial survey, filming,spraying etc for which the regulator has to give authorisation and issue a NOTAM. Such NOTAM has to be communicated to the UAV operator and other operators in the area who have to steer clear of the rotorcraft. When flying VFR especially in class G airspace, the helicopter pilots are responsible for seperation and avoiding hazards, including UAVs. That should be 1500ft AGL and below, and that is when there is a possibility of meeting a UAV at 400ft. To understand altitude, you must know the difference between AGL and AMSL. It is possible to be 3000ft above sea level if you live in high altitude areas. However, even at such points, you would be 0 ft AGL and can fly your UAV up to 400ft AGL, which is 3400ft AMSL. Such an operation is perfectly legal. S.M
  6. 400 feet AGL The mischief the 400 ft rule intends to remedy is protection of the minimum sector altitude within a radius of 25 NM from an airport. Planes fly 1000ft above the highest obstacle within 25 NM of an airport unless when on the approach path towards the runway. That is why approach paths are protected. If the highest ground within the said radius is 4000ft, MSA is automatically 5000ft. It doesn't really matter how high your ground is. If you limit the UAV to 400ft (except in approach paths of aircraft from around 7DME), your flight will be perfectly legal. You will have 600ft between the UAV and aircraft. By limiting UAV operations to 400ft AGL regardless of the ground elevation, there will always be a safe distance between the UAV and passing planes. However, if you are within a radius of 5 miles from the airport, contact the operator and ATC.
  7. Hey Arduinoob, best to consult the model aircraft club in Iceland. Send your email to Cheers S.M
  8. Hello, find time to open link and read. S.M